Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the toenails or fingernails. Half of all nail disorders are caused by onychomycosis, and it is the most common nail disease in adults. Toenails are much more likely to be infected than fingernails. The incidence of onychomycosis has been increasing and is related to diabetes, a suppressed immune system and increasing age.
Onychomycosis causes fingernails or toenails to thicken, discolor, disfigure and split. At first, onychomycosis appears to be only a cosmetic concern, but without treatment, the toenails can become so thick that they press against the inside of the shoes, causing pressure, irritation and pain.
- Oral or topical medication
- Trimming nails regularly
- Surgical removal of nails
Fungal nails refer to any number of fungal nail infections that can occur on the foot. Since fungal nails are usually more resistant and more difficult to treat than athlete’s foot, topical or oral antifungal medications may be prescribed.
Note: Please consult a physician before taking any medications. Permanent nail removal is another possible form of treatment for tenacious fungal nails.
- Don’t share nail clippers or nail files with others.
- Don’t share shoes or socks with others.
- Spray carpet/rugs of high traffic areas with Lysol, spray inside of shoes with Lysol and allow it to dry overnight.
- Dispose all old nail polish.
- Clean your tub/shower after each use to prevent re-infection.
- Try not to injure your nail, such as by cutting it too short (trauma to the nail may lead to infections).
- Wear dry cotton socks.
- Wear shower sandals or shower shoes when you are at a public pool.